Tag Archive | SURGERY

Chapter 243 – Complications of Glaucoma Surgery and Their Management

Chapter 243 – Complications of Glaucoma Surgery and Their Management   J. WILLIAM DOYLE M. FRAN SMITH   INTRODUCTION In the ideal world, surgery proceeds smoothly and outcomes are uncomplicated. Unfortunately, in the real world, despite a surgeon’s best efforts, complications may occur. This is especially true in the field of glaucoma—glaucoma surgery, unlike many […]

Chapter 241 – Antifibrotic Agents in Glaucoma Surgery

Chapter 241 – Antifibrotic Agents in Glaucoma Surgery   1596   PENG TEE KHAW LYDIA CHANG   INTRODUCTION One of the major areas of advance in the surgical management of glaucoma over the past 20 years has been the use of antimetabolites to prevent scarring after glaucoma filtration surgery. Antimetabolites have gone from occasional use […]

Chapter 239 – Nonpenetrating Glaucoma Surgery

Chapter 239 – Nonpenetrating Glaucoma Surgery   ELIE DAHAN TAREK SHAARAWY ANDRE MERMOUD JEFFREY FREEDMAN           DEFINITION • Nonpenetrating glaucoma surgery (NPGS) refers to drainage procedures that restore aqueous humor filtration through a natural membrane, namely the trabecular meshwork. NPGS includes all the different surgical techniques previously named: trabeculectomy ab-externo, nonpenetrating […]

Chapter 103 – Scleral Buckling Surgery

Chapter 103 – Scleral Buckling Surgery   GEORGE A. WILLIAMS           DEFINITION • Repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment via closure of retinal breaks by scleral indentation.   KEY FEATURES • Identification, localization, and treatment of retinal breaks. • Scleral imbrication.       INTRODUCTION The primary surgical procedure for the repair […]

Chapter 96 – Orbital Surgery

Chapter 96 – Orbital Surgery   JONATHAN J. DUTTON           DEFINITION • Orbital surgery involves tissues bounded by the bony orbital walls posteriorly and by the orbital septum anteriorly.   KEY FEATURES • Surgical approaches to the orbit may be anterior, lateral, medial, or superior, depending on the location of the […]

Chapter 63 – Corneal and Conjunctival Surgery

Chapter 63 – Corneal and Conjunctival Surgery   MING X. WANG CAROL L. KARP ROBERT P. SELKIN DIMITRI T. AZAR   KERATOPLASTY INTRODUCTION Recent years have seen remarkable progress in the technologies involved in keratoplasty. The successful outcomes enjoyed by patients who undergo modern penetrating keratoplasty and lamellar keratoplasty are the result of advances in […]

Chapter 27 – Refractive Aspects of Cataract Surgery

Chapter 27 – Refractive Aspects of Cataract Surgery   MARIA REGINA CHALITA RONALD R. KRUEGER BRIAN S. BOXER WACHLER   INTRODUCTION The precise postoperative refractive outcome of cataract surgery became a main focus during the 1990s.[1] Small incision surgical techniques such as clear corneal or posterior limbal tunnel incisions,[2] combined with astigmatic keratotomy and the […]

Chapter 16 – Preoperative Evaluation for Refractive Surgery

Chapter 16 – Preoperative Evaluation for Refractive Surgery JOSHUA A. YOUNG ERNEST W. KORNMEHL PREOPERATIVE WORK-UP • Preoperative work-up consists of a sequence—screening, preoperative examination, and counseling. PATIENT SELECTION • Important factor that determines the likelihood of success in refractive surgery. • Improper preoperative evaluation may result in: • Treatment of patients who should not […]

SURGERY IN ACTIVE INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS

SURGERY IN ACTIVE INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS Preoperative Assessment of the Patient with Infective Endocarditis Surgery in Patients with Native Valve Infective Endocarditis   Congestive Heart Failure   Infection with Resistant Organisms   Extravalvular Extension of Infection   Other Reasons for Operative Intervention Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Bibliography Infective endocarditis (IE) often results in death if not diagnosed […]

SURGERY IN ACTIVE INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS

SURGERY IN ACTIVE INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS Preoperative Assessment of the Patient with Infective Endocarditis Surgery in Patients with Native Valve Infective Endocarditis   Congestive Heart Failure   Infection with Resistant Organisms   Extravalvular Extension of Infection   Other Reasons for Operative Intervention Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Bibliography Infective endocarditis (IE) often results in death if not diagnosed […]