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33 Control of Pain in Children with Chronic and Terminal Disease

33 Control of Pain in Children with Chronic and Terminal Disease The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Pain Management 33 Control of Pain in Children with Chronic and Terminal Disease Alyssa A. LeBel and Christine N. Sang Infants do not cry without some legitimate cause. —Omnibonus Fenarius I. Presentation of chronic and terminal pain in […]

30 Opioid Therapy in Chronic Nonmalignant Pain

30 Opioid Therapy in Chronic Nonmalignant Pain The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Pain Management 30 Opioid Therapy in Chronic Nonmalignant Pain Scott M. Fishman and Jianren Mao Thou only givest these gifts to man, and thou hast the keys of Paradise, O just, subtle and mighty opium! —Thomas De Quincey (1785–1859) I. Rationale II. […]

24 Pain Management in Sickle Cell Disease

24 Pain Management in Sickle Cell Disease The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Pain Management 24 Pain Management in Sickle Cell Disease Jatinder S. Gill Pain is not just a symptom demanding our compassion; it can be an aggressive disease that damages the nervous system. —Gary Bennett I. Pathophysiology II. Clinical features and contemporary management […]

23 Pain in Burn Patients

23 Pain in Burn Patients The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Pain Management 23 Pain in Burn Patients Salahadin Abdi and Bucknam J. McPeek There is physical pain, there is mental pain and scarring. You can see the outside, but what a lot of people don’t see is that we are truly burned on the […]

22 Postoperative Pain in Children

22 Postoperative Pain in Children The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Pain Management 22 Postoperative Pain in Children William T. Denman and Jane Ballantyne Charm ache with air and agony with words. —William Shakespeare (1564–1616) I. Planning for postoperative analgesia II. Assessing acute pain in infants and children III. Treatment choices 1. Acetaminophen and the […]

7 Neurophysiologic Testing in Pain Management

7 Neurophysiologic Testing in Pain Management The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Pain Management 7 Neurophysiologic Testing in Pain Management Annabel D. Edwards As to pain, I am almost ready to say the physician who has not felt it is imperfectly educated. —R. Weir Mitchell I. Neurophysiologic testing in pain practice II. Useful tests 1. […]

CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS

CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS R. MICHAEL SIATKOWSKI AND JOEL S. GLASER Anatomy and Embryology of the Optic Chiasm Clinical Manifestations of Chiasmal Syndromes Vision Changes Headache Sensory Phenomena Eye Movement Disorders Pallor of the Optic Discs […]

CHAPTER 11 MORPHOLOGY OF THE PITUITARY IN HEALTH AND DISEASE

CHAPTER 11 MORPHOLOGY OF THE PITUITARY IN HEALTH AND DISEASE Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 11 MORPHOLOGY OF THE PITUITARY IN HEALTH AND DISEASE KAMAL THAPAR, KALMAN KOVACS, AND EVA HORVATH The Normal Pituitary Embryology Anatomy Blood Supply Innervation Cytologic Features The Abnormal Adenohypophysis Developmental Abnormalities Circulatory Disturbances Inflammatory Disorders of the […]

CHAPTER 5 FEEDBACK CONTROL IN ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS

CHAPTER 5 FEEDBACK CONTROL IN ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 5 FEEDBACK CONTROL IN ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS DANIEL N. DARLINGTON AND MARY F. DALLMAN Feedback Definition Components Localization of Components Amplification of Output Time Constants Loads on Endocrine Systems Examples of Feedback in Endocrine Systems Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Target Endocrine Feedback Feedback Effects on […]

12.3 Socio-economic inequalities in health in developed countries: the facts and the options

12.3 Socio-economic inequalities in health in developed countries: the facts and the options Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.3 Socio-economic inequalities in health in developed countries: the facts and the options Johan P. Mackenbach Introduction The purpose of this chapter Historical notes Outline of the chapter The facts: description Morbidity Mortality Health expectancy The facts: […]