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20 Radiotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals for Cancer Pain

20 Radiotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals for Cancer Pain The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Pain Management 20 Radiotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals for Cancer Pain Thomas F. DeLaney The report of my death was an exaggeration. —Note to London Correspondent of the New York Journal, June 1897, Mark Twain (1835–1920) I. General principles II. Indications for radiation therapy […]

13 Interventional Treatment for Chronic Pain

13 Interventional Treatment for Chronic Pain The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Pain Management 13 Interventional Treatment for Chronic Pain Milan Stojanovic Divinum est sedare dolorem—“It is divine to allay pain.” —Galen (A.D. 129-199) I. Spinal cord stimulation for chronic pain 1. Mechanism of action 2. Indications and patient selection 3. Stimulator trials 4. Choice […]

CHAPTER 84 FUNCTIONS OF T LYMPHOCYTES: T-CELL RECEPTORS FOR ANTIGEN

CHAPTER 84 FUNCTIONS OF T LYMPHOCYTES: T-CELL RECEPTORS FOR ANTIGEN Williams Hematology CHAPTER 84 FUNCTIONS OF T LYMPHOCYTES: T-CELL RECEPTORS FOR ANTIGEN THOMAS J. KIPPS T-Lymphocyte Antigen Receptors The T-Cell Receptor for Antigen ab Heterodimers gd Heterodimers Genetics of the T-Cell Receptor Nature of T-Cell Receptor Antigen Recognition Generation of T-Cell Receptor Diversity The CD3 […]

12.10 Strategies for health services

12.10 Strategies for health services Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.10 Strategies for health services Martin McKee and Josep Figueras Introduction Do health services affect population health? Quantifying the contribution of health care to population health Health care and health equity Health care and health—a synthesis Why are health systems changing? Macroeconomic factors Norms and […]

Chapter 215 – Psychophysical Tests for Glaucoma

Chapter 215 – Psychophysical Tests for Glaucoma   ANDREW J. MAYS           DEFINITIONS • The study of human visual pathway responses to various visual stimuli. • Subjective tests require a conscious response; these include frequency-doubling perimetry, ring perimetry, acuity perimetry, motion detection perimetry, pattern discrimination perimetry, contrast sensitivity, and color vision. […]

Chapter 211 – Screening for Glaucoma

Chapter 211 – Screening for Glaucoma   PAUL P. LEE AERLYN G. DAWN GERALD McGWIN           DEFINITION • Ideal screening identifies all individuals who have a disease (sensitivity) and eliminates those without the disease (specificity). • Screening for the earliest stage of a disease assumes that patients will suffer progressive loss, […]