Tag Archive | DISORDERS

Chapter 209 – Vascular Disorders

Chapter 209 – Vascular Disorders   1401   THOMAS R. HEDGES JR.           DEFINITION • Vascular lesions are congenital or acquired abnormalities of blood vessels that may affect all parts of the sensory and motor pathways of the eye and central nervous system.   KEY FEATURE • Aneurysms, carotid–cavernous fistulas and […]

Chapter 200 – Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction

Chapter 200 – Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction   DEBORAH I. FRIEDMAN           DEFINITION • A disorder of the neuromuscular junction, caused by an antibody-mediated autoimmune attack on postsynaptic acetylcholine receptors or the altered presynaptic release of acetylcholine.   KEY FEATURE • Ocular or generalized muscle weakness.   ASSOCIATED FEATURES • […]

Chapter 198 – Nuclear and Fascicular Disorders of Eye Movement

Chapter 198 – Nuclear and Fascicular Disorders of Eye Movement   SEAN P. DONAHUE           DEFINITION • Eye movement disorders caused by damage to the ocular motor nerve nuclei (cranial nerve III, IV, or VI) or to the ocular motor nerve fascicles within the brainstem as they travel from the nerve […]

Chapter 108 – Retinitis Pigmentosa and Related Disorders

Chapter 108 – Retinitis Pigmentosa and Related Disorders   PAUL A. SIEVING           DEFINITION • Retinitis pigmentosa and the related rod-cone and cone-rod dystrophies constitute a broad set of disorders that generally result in progressive visual dysfunction because of death of the photoreceptors.   KEY FEATURES • Progressive photoreceptor dysfunction and […]

Chapter 64 – Episcleritis, Scleritis, and Other Scleral Disorders

Chapter 64 – Episcleritis, Scleritis, and Other Scleral Disorders   DEBRA A. GOLDSTEIN HOWARD H. TESSLER         Episcleritis Scleritis   DEFINITION • Inflammation of the connective tissue between the sclera and conjunctiva.   KEY FEATURES • Self-limited condition. • Less pain than with scleritis. • Blanches with topical neosynephrine.   ASSOCIATED FEATURES […]

Chapter 55 – Disorders of the Conjunctiva and Limbus

Part 5 – CORNEA AND EXTERNAL DISEASE   Joel Sugar   395   396   397 Chapter 55 – Disorders of the Conjunctiva and Limbus   JONATHAN B. RUBENSTEIN SHARON L. JICK   CONGENITAL ANOMALIES Choristomas Choristomas are common congenital lesions that possess little growth potential. They contain both dermal and epithelial elements that are […]

CHAPTER 46 GASTROENTEROLOGIC DISORDERS

CHAPTER 46 GASTROENTEROLOGIC DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 46 GASTROENTEROLOGIC DISORDERS Reza Shaker, M.D., Kulwinder S. Dua, M.D., M.B., B.S., M.R.C.P., DNB, and Timothy R. Koch, M.D. Pharyngeal and Esophageal Disorders Disorders of the Stomach, Duodenum, Pancreas, and Liver Disorders of the Small and Large Intestines PHARYNGEAL AND ESOPHAGEAL DISORDERS Dysphagia Swallowing is a highly […]

CHAPTER 47 GYNECOLOGIC DISORDERS

CHAPTER 47 GYNECOLOGIC DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 47 GYNECOLOGIC DISORDERS Marsha Smith, M.D. Age-Related Changes of the Female Reproductive System Clinical Approach Benign Gynecologic Disease Malignant Gynecologic Disease Estrogen Replacement Therapy Conclusion In every adult age group, females now outnumber males, reversing the ratio at the beginning of the twentieth century. For generations the […]

CHAPTER 45 PULMONARY DISORDERS

CHAPTER 45 PULMONARY DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 45 PULMONARY DISORDERS William John Hall, M.D., F.A.C.P. Age-Related Changes in Immune Response Physiologic and Anatomic Changes in the Lung with Aging Pulmonary Assessment of Older Persons Obstructive Airways Syndromes in Older Patients Lung Cancer Smoking Cessation in the Older Patient Thromboembolism Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis Pneumonia Tuberculosis […]

CHAPTER 44 DENTAL AND ORAL DISORDERS

CHAPTER 44 DENTAL AND ORAL DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 44 DENTAL AND ORAL DISORDERS Kenneth Shay, D.D.S., M.S. Oral Tissues in the Aged Patient Oral Function in the Aging Patient Preventive Dentistry for Older Patients Assessment of the Oral Cavity Questions Frequently Raised by Dentists Summary Oral disease is extremely common in advanced age. […]