Tag Archive | DISORDERS

176 HYPERCALCEMIC AND HYPOCALCEMIC DISORDERS

176 HYPERCALCEMIC AND HYPOCALCEMIC DISORDERS Harrison’s Manual of Medicine 176 HYPERCALCEMIC AND HYPOCALCEMIC DISORDERS Hypercalcemia Hypocalcemia Hypophosphatemia Hyperphosphatemia Hypomagnesemia Hypermagnesemia Bibliography HYPERCALCEMIA Hypercalcemia from any cause can result in fatigue, depression, mental confusion, anorexia, nausea, constipation, renal tubular defects, polyuria, a short QT interval, and arrhythmias. CNS and GI symptoms can occur at levels of […]

58 RED BLOOD CELL DISORDERS

58 RED BLOOD CELL DISORDERS Harrison’s Manual of Medicine 58 RED BLOOD CELL DISORDERS Hypoproliferative Anemias Maturation Disorders Anemia Due to RBC Destruction or Acute Blood Loss Bibliography Anemia is a common clinical problem in medicine. A physiologic approach to anemia diagnosis (outlined in Chap. 27) provides the most efficient path to diagnosis and management. […]

CHAPTER 86 CLASSIFICATION AND CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LYMPHOCYTE AND PLASMA CELL DISORDERS

CHAPTER 86 CLASSIFICATION AND CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LYMPHOCYTE AND PLASMA CELL DISORDERS Williams Hematology CHAPTER 86 CLASSIFICATION AND CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LYMPHOCYTE AND PLASMA CELL DISORDERS THOMAS J. KIPPS Classification Clinical Manifestations B-Lymphocyte Disorders T-Lymphocyte Disorders Chapter References This chapter outlines the major categories of lymphocyte and plasma cell disorders. Such disorders can be sorted […]

CHAPTER 69 BASOPHILS AND MAST CELLS AND THEIR DISORDERS

CHAPTER 69 BASOPHILS AND MAST CELLS AND THEIR DISORDERS Williams Hematology CHAPTER 69 BASOPHILS AND MAST CELLS AND THEIR DISORDERS STEPHEN J. GALLI DEAN D. METCALFE ANN M. DVORAK Distinguishing Features of Basophils and Mast Cells Basophils Mast Cells Morphology of Basophils and Mast Cells Biochemistry and Role in Ige-Associated Immune Responses Mediators Role in […]

CHAPTER 68 EOSINOPHILS AND THEIR DISORDERS

CHAPTER 68 EOSINOPHILS AND THEIR DISORDERS Williams Hematology CHAPTER 68 EOSINOPHILS AND THEIR DISORDERS A.J. WARDLAW A. BARRY KAY Eosinophil Production Eosinophil Heterogeneity Molecular Basis for Eosinophil Tissue Accumulation Eosinophilopoiesis and Egress from the Marrow Adhesion Chemotaxis Prolonged Survival Synthesis and Release of Eosinophil Mediators Lipid Mediators Eosinophil Granule Proteins Cytokines Other Eosinophil-Derived Mediators Eosinophil […]

CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS

CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS R. MICHAEL SIATKOWSKI AND JOEL S. GLASER Anatomy and Embryology of the Optic Chiasm Clinical Manifestations of Chiasmal Syndromes Vision Changes Headache Sensory Phenomena Eye Movement Disorders Pallor of the Optic Discs […]

CHAPTER 16 PITUITARY GONADOTROPINS AND THEIR DISORDERS

CHAPTER 16 PITUITARY GONADOTROPINS AND THEIR DISORDERS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 16 PITUITARY GONADOTROPINS AND THEIR DISORDERS WILLIAM J. BREMNER, ILPO HUHTANIEMI, AND JOHN K. AMORY Structure, Synthesis, and Storage of Gonadotropins Subunit Composition Carbohydrate Content Control of Secretion of Gonadotropins Pulsatile Activity Controlling Factors Effects of Luteinizing Hormone–Releasing Hormone on […]

CHAPTER 15 THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE AND ITS DISORDERS

CHAPTER 15 THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE AND ITS DISORDERS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 15 THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE AND ITS DISORDERS JOSHUA L. COHEN Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Structure, Biosynthesis, and Function Glycoprotein Hormone Structure Biosynthesis of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Receptor Biologic Actions of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Control of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Secretion: Neural and Humoral Modulators Neural […]

CHAPTER 13 PROLACTIN AND ITS DISORDERS

CHAPTER 13 PROLACTIN AND ITS DISORDERS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 13 PROLACTIN AND ITS DISORDERS LAURENCE KATZNELSON AND ANNE KLIBANSKI Normal Control of Prolactin Secretion Clinical Aspects of Prolactin Physiology Diurnal and Menstrual Cycle Variation Eating Stress Age Normal States Clinical Manifestations of Hyperprolactinemia Differential Diagnosis and Clinical Approach to Hyperprolactinemia […]

CHAPTER 12 GROWTH HORMONE AND ITS DISORDERS

CHAPTER 12 GROWTH HORMONE AND ITS DISORDERS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism SECTION A ADENOHYPOPHYSIS CHAPTER 12 GROWTH HORMONE AND ITS DISORDERS GERHARD BAUMANN Growth Hormone Genes Growth Hormone Structure Growth Hormone Receptor Growth Hormone–Binding Protein Somatotrope Development and Growth Hormone Secretion Neural Control Growth Hormone–Releasing Hormone and the Growth Hormone–Releasing Hormone Receptor […]