Tag Archive | Congenital

Chapter 219 – Congenital Glaucoma

Chapter 219 – Congenital Glaucoma   JAMES D. BRANDT           DEFINITION • Glaucoma that arises in children under 2 years of age. • Primary infantile glaucoma—the result of isolated abnormal development of the anterior chamber angle structures. • Secondary infantile glaucoma—associated with a variety of ocular and systemic syndromes and with […]

Chapter 188 – Congenital Optic Disc Anomalies

Chapter 188 – Congenital Optic Disc Anomalies   MICHAEL C. BRODSKY           DEFINITION • Unusual configurations of the optic disc(s) typically present since birth.   KEY FEATURE • Small, pale, or unusually shaped optic discs may reflect mere curiosities or significant anomalies associated with visual defects.   ASSOCIATED FEATURE • Abnormalities […]

Chapter 111 – Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

Chapter 111 – Congenital Stationary Night Blindness   KENNETH G. NOBLE           DEFINITION • Nonprogressive poor night vision present since birth.   KEY FEATURES • Normal fundus (inherited as autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked recessive). • Abnormal fundus (Oguchi’s disease, fundus albipunctatus).   ASSOCIATED FEATURES • The pathology has an […]

Chapter 58 – Congenital Corneal Anomalies

Chapter 58 – Congenital Corneal Anomalies   JOEL SUGAR           DEFINITION • Developmental abnormalities of the cornea present at birth.   KEY FEATURES • Present at birth. • Generally involve defects in the migration of mesenchyme in the anterior segment of the eye. • Often associated with iris and lens anomalies. […]