Public Health

11.1 Families

11.1 Families Oxford Textbook of Public Health 11.1 Families Michael J. Puma Introduction Social and demographic changes affecting families Decline in birth and fertility rates Decline in the size of households Marriage delayed Increase in cohabitation Increase in the divorce rate Rise in non-marital childbearing Growth in female-headed households More women in the labour force […]

10.5 Interpersonal violence prevention: a recent public health mandate

10.5 Interpersonal violence prevention: a recent public health mandate Oxford Textbook of Public Health 10.5 Interpersonal violence prevention: a recent public health mandate Deborah Prothrow-Stith, Howard Spivak, and Robert D. Sege Introduction Definition and classification Data sources The magnitude of the problem Adolescent violence School violence: more lethal Suicide Domestic violence Rape and sexual assault […]

10.4 Injury control: the public health approach

10.4 Injury control: the public health approach Oxford Textbook of Public Health 10.4 Injury control: the public health approach Corinne Peek-Asa, Bonnie Dean, and Jess F. Kraus Introduction Public health history of injuries Causal model of injury control Data sources Mortality Morbidity Injury coding Injury incidence and trends Mortality Hospital discharges Emergency department visits Impairment […]

10.3 Alcohol*

10.3 Alcohol* Oxford Textbook of Public Health 10.3 Alcohol* Robin Room Drinking and its effects Use-values for alcohol Adverse effects Positive effects Net effects of drinking on the drinker’s health Net effects on the population level Alcohol as an issue in public health Shifting societal responses to problematic drinking The ‘new public health’ approach Strategies […]

9.12 Gastrointestinal disease: public health aspects

9.12 Gastrointestinal disease: public health aspects Oxford Textbook of Public Health 9.12 Gastrointestinal disease: public health aspects R.F.A. Logan, M.J.G. Farthing, and M.J.S. Langman Introduction Intestinal infection Methods of assessment Disease patterns Factors influencing disease frequency Prevention Peptic ulcer Methods of assessment Factors influencing disease frequency or severity Inflammatory bowel disease Methods of assessment Factors […]

9.11 The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies

9.11 The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies Oxford Textbook of Public Health 9.11 The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies Stephen Palmer, Charles Hillier, and Roland Salmon Introduction Animal TSEs Scrapie Transmissible mink encephalopathy Chronic wasting disease Bovine spongiform encephalopathy Spongiform encephalopathy in exotic ungulates Feline spongiform encephalopathy Human TSEs Kuru Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease Possible sources of sporadic CJD Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob […]

9.10 Public health, epidemiology, and neurological diseases

9.10 Public health, epidemiology, and neurological diseases Oxford Textbook of Public Health 9.10 Public health, epidemiology, and neurological diseases Walter A. Kukull and James D. Bowen Introduction Headache Clinical overview Prevalence Familial and genetic risks Headache and depression Stroke and migraine Costs and public health impact Traumatic brain injury Clinical overview Incidence and prevalence Risk […]

9.9 Musculoskeletal diseases*

9.9 Musculoskeletal diseases* Oxford Textbook of Public Health 9.9 Musculoskeletal diseases* Jennifer L. Kelsey and MaryFran Sowers Introduction Magnitude of the problem Some common problems in epidemiological studies of musculoskeletal conditions Selected musculoskeletal disorders of adults Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid arthritis Osteoporosis and associated fractures Low back pain Neck pain Selected musculoskeletal disorders of children Scoliosis Slipped […]

9.8 Dental public health

9.8 Dental public health Oxford Textbook of Public Health 9.8 Dental public health Stanley Gelbier and Peter G. Robinson Definition The importance of oral health Impacts of oral disease Frequency of oral disease Prevention Dental caries Epidemiology Traditional treatment Implications of changes in caries prevalence Periodontal diseases Pathogenesis Treatment Oral malignancy Dentofacial trauma Oral health […]

9.7 Public mental health

9.7 Public mental health Oxford Textbook of Public Health 9.7 Public mental health Peter Tyrer and Freya Tyrer General background Historical review of mental health service developments in relationship to public health Reasons why public health has historically ignored mental health Classification of mental illness Epidemiology of mental disorders Organic disorders Substance misuse Schizophrenia Mood […]