Public Health

12.13 Bioterrorism

12.13 Bioterrorism Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.13 Bioterrorism Frank Sorvillo, James R. Greenwood, and Roger Detels Introduction Bioterrorism basics History Potential for bioterrorism Agents Dissemination Impact Elements of preparedness Law enforcement and public health—forging new partnerships Enhancing public health surveillance and laboratory capabilities Medical response Informing the public Safeguards Modelling potential threats Addressing the […]

12.11 Community health workers

12.11 Community health workers Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.11 Community health workers Suwit Wibulpolprasert Introduction Broad perspective of ‘health’ and the limitations of health professionals The origin of community health workers Definition and role of the community health worker Responsibilities of community health workers Should community health workers provide medical services? Community health workers: […]

12.10 Strategies for health services

12.10 Strategies for health services Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.10 Strategies for health services Martin McKee and Josep Figueras Introduction Do health services affect population health? Quantifying the contribution of health care to population health Health care and health equity Health care and health—a synthesis Why are health systems changing? Macroeconomic factors Norms and […]

12.9 Structures and strategies for public health intervention

12.9 Structures and strategies for public health intervention Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.9 Structures and strategies for public health intervention Don Nutbeam and Marilyn Wise Introduction Policies and interventions to address the determinants of health in populations Determining priority and direction: setting health goals and objectives The United States: Healthy People United Kingdom Australia […]

12.8 Environmental health practice

12.8 Environmental health practice Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.8 Environmental health practice Lynn R. Goldman Environmental health assessment Hazard identification Exposure assessment Risk assessment Susceptible populations Risk characterization Environmental health policy-making The ‘players’ in environmental health policy Environmental health policy principles adopted by governments Environmental health policy tools Global environmental health policy issues Environmental […]

12.7 Global strategies for control of communicable diseases*

12.7 Global strategies for control of communicable diseases* Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.7 Global strategies for control of communicable diseases* Robert J. Kim-Farley Introduction and overview Definitions of infectious diseases and their control Global burden of infectious diseases Chain of infection: agent, transmission, and host Tools for control of infectious diseases Control measures applied […]

12.6 Screening

12.6 Screening Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.6 Screening Anthony B. Miller and Vivek Goel General principles of screening Introduction Definition General principles governing the introduction of screening The validity of a screening test The acceptability of the test The ethics of screening The population to be included in screening programmes Diagnosis and treatment of […]

12.5 Disease prevention and control of non-communicable diseases

12.5 Disease prevention and control of non-communicable diseases Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.5 Disease prevention and control of non-communicable diseases Jørn Olsen Introduction Types of prevention Screening Causation Health promotion Prevention and care Reducing risk factors Social determinants of health Environmental risk factors Social support A life-course approach to disease prevention Non-communicable diseases in […]

12.4 Reducing health inequalities in developing countries

12.4 Reducing health inequalities in developing countries Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.4 Reducing health inequalities in developing countries Davidson R. Gwatkin Recent history Concepts The health of the poor Inequality in health Health equity The practical implications of the poverty–inequality–equity distinction Inequalities Current intracountry inequalities in health status by economic class Intracountry inequalities in […]

12.3 Socio-economic inequalities in health in developed countries: the facts and the options

12.3 Socio-economic inequalities in health in developed countries: the facts and the options Oxford Textbook of Public Health 12.3 Socio-economic inequalities in health in developed countries: the facts and the options Johan P. Mackenbach Introduction The purpose of this chapter Historical notes Outline of the chapter The facts: description Morbidity Mortality Health expectancy The facts: […]