Endocrinology

CHAPTER 26 DIABETES INSIPIDUS AND HYPEROSMOLAR SYNDROMES

CHAPTER 26 DIABETES INSIPIDUS AND HYPEROSMOLAR SYNDROMES Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 26 DIABETES INSIPIDUS AND HYPEROSMOLAR SYNDROMES PETER H. BAYLIS AND CHRISTOPHER J. THOMPSON Definitions Diabetes Insipidus Etiology Clinical Features Differential Diagnosis Thirst in Hypothalamic Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes Insipidus and Pregnancy Treatment Hyperosmolar Syndromes Etiology Clinical Features Osmoregulatory Defects in Chronic […]

CHAPTER 25 PHYSIOLOGY OF VASOPRESSIN, OXYTOCIN, AND THIRST

CHAPTER 25 PHYSIOLOGY OF VASOPRESSIN, OXYTOCIN, AND THIRST Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 25 PHYSIOLOGY OF VASOPRESSIN, OXYTOCIN, AND THIRST GARY L. ROBERTSON Anatomy of the Neurohypophysis Gross Features Microscopic Features Chemistry Biosynthesis and Release of Vasopressin and Oxytocin Regulation of Vasopressin Secretion Regulation of Oxytocin Secretion Distribution and Clearance of Vasopressin […]

CHAPTER 24 PITUITARY TUMORS: OVERVIEW OF THERAPEUTIC OPTIONS

CHAPTER 24 PITUITARY TUMORS: OVERVIEW OF THERAPEUTIC OPTIONS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 24 PITUITARY TUMORS: OVERVIEW OF THERAPEUTIC OPTIONS PHILIPPE CHANSON Clinical Classification General Therapeutic Principles of Surgery and Irradiation Surgery Irradiation Therapy Therapeutic Options and Results by Type of Pituitary Adenoma Growth Hormone–Secreting Pituitary Adenomas Prolactin-Secreting Tumors Adrenocorticotropic Hormone–Secreting Adenomas […]

CHAPTER 23 NEUROSURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF PITUITARY-HYPOTHALAMIC NEOPLASMS

CHAPTER 23 NEUROSURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF PITUITARY-HYPOTHALAMIC NEOPLASMS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 23 NEUROSURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF PITUITARY-HYPOTHALAMIC NEOPLASMS DAVID S. BASKIN Pituitary Tumors Classification Radiologic Evaluation Surgical Approaches Prolactin-Secreting Adenomas Clinical Manifestations Laboratory Evaluation Surgical Decision Making Vision Compromise in Prolactinoma Prolactin-Producing Macroadenomas Prolactin-Producing Microadenomas Surgical Results Acromegaly Endocrine Evaluation Surgical Decision […]

CHAPTER 22 RADIOTHERAPY OF PITUITARYHYPOTHALAMIC TUMORS

CHAPTER 22 RADIOTHERAPY OF PITUITARYHYPOTHALAMIC TUMORS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 22 RADIOTHERAPY OF PITUITARYHYPOTHALAMIC TUMORS MINESH P. MEHTA Pituitary Adenomas Prolactinomas Growth Hormone–Secreting Tumors Adrenocorticotropic Hormone–Secreting Tumors Non-Hormone–Secreting Tumors Giant Pituitary Adenomas Craniopharyngiomas Overall Survival Local Recurrence Morbidity and Mortality Dose Considerations Radiotherapy for Recurrent Craniopharyngioma Hypothalamic Neoplasms Germinoma Parasellar and […]

CHAPTER 21 MEDICAL TREATMENT OF PITUITARY TUMORS AND HYPERSECRETORY STATES

CHAPTER 21 MEDICAL TREATMENT OF PITUITARY TUMORS AND HYPERSECRETORY STATES Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 21 MEDICAL TREATMENT OF PITUITARY TUMORS AND HYPERSECRETORY STATES DAVID H. SARNE Prolactin Hypersecretion Microprolactinomas Macroprolactinomas Idiopathic Hyperprolactinemia Prolactin Hypersecretion Associated with Other Lesions Details of Bromocriptine Therapy Therapy with Other Dopaminergic Agonists Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Hypersecretion Centrally […]

CHAPTER 20 DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING OF THE SELLAR REGION

CHAPTER 20 DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING OF THE SELLAR REGION Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 20 DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING OF THE SELLAR REGION ERIC BOUREKAS, MARY OEHLER, AND DONALD CHAKERES Advantages and Disadvantages of Imaging Techniques Normal Imaging Anatomy Skull Radiographs Computed Tomographic Imaging Magnetic Resonance Imaging Normal Variants Empty Sella Congenital Anomalies Neoplasms Craniopharyngioma […]

CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS

CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 19 THE OPTIC CHIASM IN ENDOCRINOLOGIC DISORDERS R. MICHAEL SIATKOWSKI AND JOEL S. GLASER Anatomy and Embryology of the Optic Chiasm Clinical Manifestations of Chiasmal Syndromes Vision Changes Headache Sensory Phenomena Eye Movement Disorders Pallor of the Optic Discs […]

CHAPTER 18 HYPOTHALAMIC AND PITUITARY DISORDERS IN INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD

CHAPTER 18 HYPOTHALAMIC AND PITUITARY DISORDERS IN INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 18 HYPOTHALAMIC AND PITUITARY DISORDERS IN INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD ALAN D. ROGOL Growth Pattern Concepts Growth Velocity Body Segment Ratio Skeletal and Dental Maturation Other Growth Concepts Growth Failure Hypopituitarism Deprivational Dwarfism Cushing Disease Diagnosis and Treatment […]

CHAPTER 17 HYPOPITUITARISM

CHAPTER 17 HYPOPITUITARISM Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism CHAPTER 17 HYPOPITUITARISM JOSEPH J. PINZONE Pathogenesis of Hypopituitarism Tumors Other Mechanical or Compressive Lesions Infarction Radiation Autoimmune Infiltrations and Infections Miscellaneous Diagnosis General Principles Clinical Presentation and Diagnostic Tests Adrenocorticotropin Deficiency Symptoms Signs Laboratory Assessment Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Deficiency Symptoms Signs Laboratory Assessment Gonadotropin Deficiency […]