Archive | May 2011

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7.2 Demography and public health

7.2 Demography and public health Oxford Textbook of Public Health 7.2 Demography and public health Emily Grundy Introduction Global issues Demographic data and methods of analysis Population censuses Vital registration Cause of death Other data sources Analysis of demographic data Measurement of fertility Measurement of mortality Measurement of migration Population projections Population dynamics Population growth […]

7.1 Sociological and psychological investigations

7.1 Sociological and psychological investigations Oxford Textbook of Public Health 7.1 Sociological and psychological investigations Myfanwy Morgan, John Spicer, and Margaret Reid Introduction Sociological investigations Sociological perspectives Sociological methods Areas of sociological investigation Future directions Psychological investigations Psychological theory Psychological methods Areas of psychological investigation Future directions Chapter References Introduction Sociology and psychology share a […]

6.16 Public health surveillance

6.16 Public health surveillance Oxford Textbook of Public Health 6.16 Public health surveillance Ruth L. Berkelman, Donna F. Stroup, and James W. Buehler Definition History Purposes of surveillance Establishing a surveillance system Public health surveillance in developing countries: special considerations Surveillance system objectives Target population Constituents of surveillance systems Nature of public health programmes Health […]

6.15 Microcomputers, the Internet, and epidemiology

6.15 Microcomputers, the Internet, and epidemiology Oxford Textbook of Public Health 6.15 Microcomputers, the Internet, and epidemiology Ralph R. Frerichs and Beatrice J. Selwyn Introduction Hardware and software Computer hardware Other hardware Software The Internet Description Functions Applications John Snow site Supercourse Immunization information system Estimating years of potential life lost Systems approach to epidemiology […]

6.14 Mathematical models of transmission and control

6.14 Mathematical models of transmission and control Oxford Textbook of Public Health 6.14 Mathematical models of transmission and control Roy Anderson and D. James Nokes Introduction Historical perspective Model construction Definition of terms Units of measurement What models describe Population rates of flow Parameter estimation Concepts in quantitative epidemiology The incidence of infection and disease […]

6.13 Statistical methods

6.13 Statistical methods Oxford Textbook of Public Health 6.13 Statistical methods A. V. Swan Introduction Design and sampling Practical questions from a statistical point of view Trends—routinely collected grouped data Trends—individuals in an observational study Comparing groups of individuals Proportions from two categories of outcome Proportions: case–control studies Three or more categories of outcome Survival […]

6.12 Systematic reviews and meta-analysis

6.12 Systematic reviews and meta-analysis Oxford Textbook of Public Health 6.12 Systematic reviews and meta-analysis Matthias Egger, George Davey Smith, and Jonathan A. C. Sterne Systematic review, overview, or meta-analysis? The scope of meta-analysis Historical notes Why do we need systematic reviews? A patient with myocardial infarction in 1981 Limitations of a single study Limitations […]