Archive | April 2011

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4.3 International health instruments: an overview*

4.3 International health instruments: an overview* Oxford Textbook of Public Health 4.3 International health instruments: an overview* Allyn L.Taylor, Douglas W. Bettcher, Sev S. Fluss, Katherine DeLand, and Derek Yach Introduction Sources of international public health law: the contribution of international, regional, and non-governmental organizations United Nations Other United Nations bodies and organizations Other international […]

4.2 Comparative national public health legislation*

4.2 Comparative national public health legislation* Oxford Textbook of Public Health 4.2 Comparative national public health legislation* Ruth Roemer and Milton I. Roemer Functions of health laws Environmental health and the law Examples of environmental legislation Issues in environmental legislation Regulation of food and drugs Examples of food and drug legislation Issues in food and […]

4.1 Health and human rights

4.1 Health and human rights Oxford Textbook of Public Health 4.1 Health and human rights Sofia Gruskin and Daniel Tarantola Introduction From HIV/AIDS and human rights to health and human rights International conferences and the United Nations system State and non-state actors entering the arena of health and human rights What are human rights? A […]

3.4 Health policies in transition economies

3.4 Health policies in transition economies Oxford Textbook of Public Health 3.4 Health policies in transition economies Son N. Nguyen and Julio Frenk Introduction Definition of transition economies Why do health policies in transition economies deserve a separate discussion? Social and economic contexts Socio-economic transition in the former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe […]

3.2 Public health policy in developed countries

3.2 Public health policy in developed countries* Oxford Textbook of Public Health 3.2 Public health policy in developed countries* John Powles Introduction Assessing the effects of policy Examples of policies to improve health Some issues emerging from examples considered ‘Social capital’ Social institutions and health: psychosocial versus material emphases Public health problems and public health […]

3.3 Health policies in developing countries

3.3 Health policies in developing countries Oxford Textbook of Public Health 3.3 Health policies in developing countries Adetokunbo O. Lucas Diversity Complexity Change Epidemiological transition Epidemics and other emergencies Socio-economic variables Major challenges and issues Health reform: special emphasis on structural reform/decentralization Tools for policy-making Financing health care Public–private partnerships Health research International organizations and […]

3.1 Overview of policies and strategies

3.1 Overview of policies and strategies Oxford Textbook of Public Health 3.1 Overview of policies and strategies Walter W. Holland Health status Health services Organization and financing Health commissioning (administration) Role of public health Assurance of appropriateness Criteria, access, and utilization International trends in health care Provider–purchaser model for both public health and personal health […]

Chapter 243 – Complications of Glaucoma Surgery and Their Management

Chapter 243 – Complications of Glaucoma Surgery and Their Management   J. WILLIAM DOYLE M. FRAN SMITH   INTRODUCTION In the ideal world, surgery proceeds smoothly and outcomes are uncomplicated. Unfortunately, in the real world, despite a surgeon’s best efforts, complications may occur. This is especially true in the field of glaucoma—glaucoma surgery, unlike many […]

Chapter 242 – Drainage Implants

Chapter 242 – Drainage Implants   JEFFREY FREEDMAN           DEFINITION • Surgical method for dealing with refractory glaucomas.   KEY FEATURES • Drainage plate attached to silicone tube. • Varying plate size and number. • Indications. • Surgical method of insertion. • Complications.   ASSOCIATED FEATURE • Outcomes.       […]

Chapter 241 – Antifibrotic Agents in Glaucoma Surgery

Chapter 241 – Antifibrotic Agents in Glaucoma Surgery   1596   PENG TEE KHAW LYDIA CHANG   INTRODUCTION One of the major areas of advance in the surgical management of glaucoma over the past 20 years has been the use of antimetabolites to prevent scarring after glaucoma filtration surgery. Antimetabolites have gone from occasional use […]