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Chapter 62 – Infectious Keratitis

Chapter 62 – Infectious Keratitis

 

STEPHEN D. McLEOD

 

 

 

 

 

DEFINITION

• Corneal disease caused by bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoal organisms.

 

KEY FEATURES

• Cellular infiltration of the corneal epithelium or stroma, corneal inflammation, and necrosis.

 

ASSOCIATED FEATURES

• Lid edema.

• Conjunctival inflammation.

• Discharge.

• Anterior chamber reaction.

• Hypopyon.

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

Infectious keratitis is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world. Because, in most cases, these infections represent preventable or treatable ophthalmic disease, a thorough understanding of the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the various forms of infectious keratitis is essential for eye care practitioners and public health officials.

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