Archive | October 2010

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CHAPTER 49 RENAL AND ELECTROLYTE DISORDERS

CHAPTER 49 RENAL AND ELECTROLYTE DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 49 RENAL AND ELECTROLYTE DISORDERS Robert D. Lindeman, M.D. Pathophysiology of the Aging Kidney Evaluation of Renal Function in the Elderly Renal Diseases in the Elderly Renal Calculi Disturbances in Sodium and Water Balance Disturbances in Potassium Balance Disturbances in Acid-Base Balance The accuracy and […]

CHAPTER 46 GASTROENTEROLOGIC DISORDERS

CHAPTER 46 GASTROENTEROLOGIC DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 46 GASTROENTEROLOGIC DISORDERS Reza Shaker, M.D., Kulwinder S. Dua, M.D., M.B., B.S., M.R.C.P., DNB, and Timothy R. Koch, M.D. Pharyngeal and Esophageal Disorders Disorders of the Stomach, Duodenum, Pancreas, and Liver Disorders of the Small and Large Intestines PHARYNGEAL AND ESOPHAGEAL DISORDERS Dysphagia Swallowing is a highly […]

CHAPTER 47 GYNECOLOGIC DISORDERS

CHAPTER 47 GYNECOLOGIC DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 47 GYNECOLOGIC DISORDERS Marsha Smith, M.D. Age-Related Changes of the Female Reproductive System Clinical Approach Benign Gynecologic Disease Malignant Gynecologic Disease Estrogen Replacement Therapy Conclusion In every adult age group, females now outnumber males, reversing the ratio at the beginning of the twentieth century. For generations the […]

CHAPTER 45 PULMONARY DISORDERS

CHAPTER 45 PULMONARY DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 45 PULMONARY DISORDERS William John Hall, M.D., F.A.C.P. Age-Related Changes in Immune Response Physiologic and Anatomic Changes in the Lung with Aging Pulmonary Assessment of Older Persons Obstructive Airways Syndromes in Older Patients Lung Cancer Smoking Cessation in the Older Patient Thromboembolism Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis Pneumonia Tuberculosis […]

CHAPTER 44 DENTAL AND ORAL DISORDERS

CHAPTER 44 DENTAL AND ORAL DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 44 DENTAL AND ORAL DISORDERS Kenneth Shay, D.D.S., M.S. Oral Tissues in the Aged Patient Oral Function in the Aging Patient Preventive Dentistry for Older Patients Assessment of the Oral Cavity Questions Frequently Raised by Dentists Summary Oral disease is extremely common in advanced age. […]

CHAPTER 43 SKIN DISORDERS

CHAPTER 43 SKIN DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 43 SKIN DISORDERS Randy Berger, M.D., and Barbara A. Gilchrest, M.D. Pathophysiology: Age-Associated Changes in Normal Skin Clinical Assessment Diseases—Diagnosis and Management Skin is the interface between people and their environment that protects the other organs of the body from excessive temperature changes, mechanical injury, ultraviolet irradiation, […]

CHAPTER 42 OPHTHALMOLOGIC DISORDERS

CHAPTER 42 OPHTHALMOLOGIC DISORDERS Practice of Geriatrics CHAPTER 42 OPHTHALMOLOGIC DISORDERS Carol R. Kollarits, M.D. Anatomic Review Eye Examination Common Ocular Problems Side Effects of Ocular Medications Surgery Blindness and Low Vision Prevention of Visual Loss Blindness is the disability feared most by elderly Americans. This fear is rational, since 3% of the patients studied […]