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Isolation Precautions

Isolation Precautions
Standard Precautions
Airborne Precautions
Droplet Precautions
Contact Precautions

Standard Precautions

1.
Wash hands after patient contact

2.
Use gloves when touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions

3.
Use mask, eye protection, and gown during procedures

4.
Contaminated patient-care equipment and linen handled to prevent transfer of microorganisms

5.
Handle sharps carefully and use mouthpiece or other ventilation device in CPR

6.
Pt in private room if contamination risk

Airborne Precautions
Standard precautions plus:

1.
Pt in private room with negative air pressure, six air changes/hr, appropriate filtration of air before air discharged from room

2.
Use respiratory protection when entering room

3.
Limit movement and transport of pt

4.
Use mask on pt if pt needs to be moved

Droplet Precautions
Standard precaution plus:

1.
Pt in private room or with someone with same infection

2.
Maintain at least 3 ft between pts

3.
Use mask when working within 3 ft of pt

4.
Limit movement and transport of pt

5.
Use mask on pt if pt needs to be moved

Contact Precautions
Standard precautions plus:

1.
Pt in private room or with someone with same infection

2.
Use gloves when entering room

3.
Change gloves after contact with infective material

4.
Use gown when entering room if pt contact anticipated or if pt has diarrhea, colostomy or uncovered wound

5.
Limit movement or transport of pt

6.
Ensure pt-care items, bedside equipment, surfaces cleaned daily

7.
Dedicate noncritical pt-care equipment to single pt, or cohort of pts with same pathogen

* Material is taken from the PEPID database
* Copyrighted material – All Rights Reserved
* For more information visit http://www.pepid.com

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